Migraines are not fully understood
Despite migraine being one of the most common neurological conditions and affecting over a billion people1 around the world, we don’t fully understand what causes the migraine but it is thought it may be linked to temporary changes in certain chemicals, electrical activity or blood vessels in the brain.
While the exact causes may not be known, we do know that there are certain risk factors that make you more likely to get migraine and that some things may trigger a migraine.
Migraine risk factors:
- Being female – probably due to hormonal changes women face during their different life stages
- A family history of migraine – migraine has a genetic link in some people
- Age – migraine peaks during your 30s
Common migraine triggers include:
Hormonal changes –
such as starting your
period or menopause
It is not always easy to identify migraine triggers as attacks may be linked to one or a number of things and are not the
same for everyone. Keeping a diary may be help reveal any possible migraine triggers you have.
1 GBD 2017 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators. Lancet. 2018;392:1789-1858
What are migraines?
Migraine is more than just a really bad headache. While migraine attack vary for everyone, you can usually narrow it down depending on the types of symptoms you have. So, if you’re experiencing throbbing or pounding pain on the side of your head, nausea or vomiting, are sensitive to light or sounds, then you may be experiencing a migraine attack.
What triggers migraine?
It is not always easy to identify migraine triggers as attacks may be linked to one or a number of things. Some common migraine triggers include:
• Certain foods or drinks
• Being stressed
• Being tired
• Changes in the environment
• Hormonal changes – such as starting your period or menopause
• Vigorous exercise
What is an Aura?
Migraine aura is a group of symptoms that temporarily affect your nervous system – most often involving your vision or other senses – and usually happens before the headache phase of migraine starts
Who should not use Imigran® Migraine & when is Imigran® Migraine not recommended?
You must not take Imigran® Migraine tablets if:
• you have ever had an allergic reaction to sumatriptan succinate or any of the ingredients listed.
• you have or have had:
− heart disease or heart attack.
− shortness of breath, pain or tightness in the chest, jaw or upper arm.
− peripheral vascular disease (pain in the back of the legs) or are prone to cold, tingling or numb hands and feet.
− Prinzmetal’s angina (an uncommon form of angina where pain is experienced at rest rather than during activity).
− high blood pressure.
− severe liver disease.
If you have taken any of the following medication in the last 24 hours: ergotamine (eg cafergot), Dihydroergotamine (eg Dihydergot), Methsergide (eg Deseril), naratriptan (eg Naramig) and Zolmitriptan (eg Zomig).
• If you have taken any of the following medicines in the last two weeks: Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), a type of medication used for depression. SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors) or SNRIs (Serotonin-noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitors) used to treat depression.
• The expiry date (EXP) printed on the pack has passed. The packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.